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A Taxing Story: Capital Gains and Losses

By March 25, 2024No Comments

A Taxing Story: Capital Gains and Losses

Chris Rock once remarked, “You don’t pay taxes – they take taxes.” That applies not only to income but also to capital gains.

Capital gains result when an individual sells an investment for an amount greater than their purchase price. Capital gains are categorized as short-term gains (a gain realized on an asset held one year or less) or long-term gains (a gain realized on an asset held longer than one year).

Keep in mind that the information in this material is not intended as tax or legal advice. It may not be used for the purpose of avoiding any federal tax penalties. Please consult legal or tax professionals for specific information regarding your individual situation.

Long-Term vs. Short-Term Gains

Short-term capital gains are taxed at ordinary income tax rates. Long-term capital gains are taxed according to different taxable income ranges (shown below).1

 

Long Term Capital Gains Tax Brackets (for 2024)

Tax Bracket/RateSingleMarried Filing JointlyHead of Household
0%$0 – $47,025$0 – $94,050$0 – $63,000
 15%$47,026 – $518,900$94,051 – $583,750$63,001 – $551,350
20%$518,900+$583,750+$551,350+

It should also be noted that taxpayers whose adjusted gross income is in excess of $200,000 (single filers or heads of household) or $250,000 (joint filers) may be subject to an additional 3.8% tax as a net investment income tax.2

Also, keep in mind that the long-term capital gains rate for collectibles and precious metals remains at a maximum of 28%.3

Rules for Capital Losses

Capital losses may be used to offset capital gains. If the losses exceed the gains, up to $3,000 of those losses may be used to offset the taxes on other kinds of income. Should you have more than $3,000 in such capital losses, you may be able to carry the losses forward. You can continue to carry forward these losses until such time that future realized gains exhaust them. Under current law, the ability to carry these losses forward is lost only on death.4

Conclusion

When managing an investment portfolio, value can be added by considering both investment returns and tax efficiency. There are a multitude of strategies such as tax loss harvesting which can be done throughout the year to help control a client’s tax liability and help mitigate against larger gains down the road. At SHJ Wealth Advisors, we build investment portfolios by taking into consideration a client’s future goals, risk tolerance and tax situation.

Reminder: for some assets, the calculation of a capital gain or loss may not be as simple and straightforward as it sounds. As with any matter dealing with taxes, individuals are encouraged to seek the counsel of a tax professional before making any tax-related decisions.

 

1. IRS.gov, 2024
2. IRS.gov, 2024
3. Investopedia.com, November 28, 2023
4. IRS.gov, 2024

Disclosure:
The content is developed from sources believed to be providing accurate information. The information in this material is not intended as tax or legal advice. It may not be used for the purpose of avoiding any federal tax penalties. Please consult legal or tax professionals for specific information regarding your individual situation. This material was developed and produced by FMG Suite to provide information on a topic that may be of interest. FMG Suite is not affiliated with the named broker-dealer, state- or SEC-registered investment advisory firm. The opinions expressed and material provided are for general information, and should not be considered a solicitation for the purchase or sale of any security. Copyright FMG Suite.

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